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Fusing Futures
Fusing Futures

Season 1, Episode 8 · 1 year ago

Open Data – Yet Another Buzzword or a Resource for Global Response to Climate Change?

ABOUT THIS EPISODE

The search for tech-based responses addressing climate change risks continues! In this episode, the Belgrade Open School team is looking for responses that have been developed using open data. A guide for the discussion is a BOS alumna, Sanja Arizanovic. Sanja works for the UNDP in Serbia as a project coordinator focusing on open data initiatives. Join us in mapping open data solutions across Europe! 

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The best we can hope for is buildingour future with the best possible choices which are based on theinformation available at the time fusing futures light them up. So what you actually need is the rightinformation at the right time or to be more precise, the right data. How doyou pronounce this word by the Wise? It tat our Dat, our potato Potaro, whocares as long as it's accurate and helpful? I can tell you: data canchange lives. Take my example back in two thousandand sixteen I was a freelancer and enrolled in master studies at myuniversity when one girl gives me a call on a Friday afternoon asking me tojoin her team at Belgriopen school at Tha time. They were collecting far toomany data for research in one project and they needed extra pair of hands. Iaccepted it and fast forward to the future. Here I am working at Belgrardoken school for almost four years in a row who could have predicted thisdefinitely not me. Well, I didn't quite have the right data. I just got theright call about the data, see I told you it's all about the data and justwhen you thought it could not get more personal. You were wrong that girl, whogave me a column that Friday afternoon and made me, come to Belgurdopu schooland join her research she's here with us today. I'm pleased to welcome misssSana Arisanrich, a fellow member of Boshalami Network, currently working asproject coordinator at UNDP, Serbia,...

...working on you guest it open data.Since we obviously love working together. We recently worked onapplying the open data in the field of environment, so we worked on expandingthe citizens, their quality monitoring network, we'll get to them later, ofcourse, stay tuned when you start with some activity ortest you're. Given do you ever wonder if you can make the process betterfaster and with greater outcome for your personally or for thebeneficiaries of your work? If you are nodding right now, weare in the samepage, four years ago, I was working here in Belgradopen school wutting. Allmy passion into the belief that take and local authorities ought to provideus the citizens, the information and date they possess for personal use andtheir own purposes or for the purposes bigger than us, like saving lives andmitigating crisis, like the one we had with the Cobin nineteen. But the thing is: If I get theinformation you want, it can take you hours of digging into the documentsscan at copied papers and you still might not be able to find what you'rerooting for. Does this sound frustrating for me, it was so isther any better way to do this.Somebody out there said open data. The activities focused, an open data wereat the beginning. Back then started only one year before that, so we werestill unsure of its magic powers. I've started corporating closely with theUnited Nation Developing Program here in Serbia, which was the driver of thisstory. At that time. To me, it all sounded like fresh ideas for new kindof innovation in society in every possible sector, with free resources,the data we already have in our computers sitting there locked invarious pideas and bord documents. After that I've joined my forces withUN DP and started working for them two years ago, which now gives me theopportunity to sit behind the wheel and...

...push things forward from the inside, since this entire season is aboutinterplay between technology and climate change. The so called tech forgood initiatives are, of course, the inevitable topic for us. The tech forgood initiatives are using technology to address social economic,environmental problems. Can you help us understand a bit more? What does thetack for good include and how does it apply the open data withinthese initiatives? I can go with the definition of OpinDita, but I don't think it's the best way to explain it. So, instead, I'mgoing to use everyday examples without open data, only those who are producers,owners or buyers can create products based on those datasets. So, forexample, we talk about weather forecast. Only the state agency in charge forhitremeterology would be able to inform citizens on the weather. They can do iteither. We a traditional or social media or even better a mobile up,something we are all used to, but would they develop an APP? It rell depends,but still it's just one player out there on the market or just a bigplayer, whoas able to buy the date and make the up. However, with open dataevery one- and I mean everyone can make an AP showing the weather forcast, andmaybe us user would prefer another APP instead of that and then developerwould make some some living out of debt sounds like Wenwin situation right now.This is just one small and very simple example: what's going to be biggerscale, let's say we want to find out what is the correlation between twoweather conditions and t e number of traffic accidents? Now we would needtwo datasets, who is the owner, the...

Ministry of Interior and the Agency forhidrometrology? Now we can just be curious citizens, or we can be aninterested group of citizens wanting to propose new measures and traffic safitybased on our learnings from the analysis of those deficits withoutthose Datas is available to us, if he wouldn't be able to do it with it,lifes could be saved now. Imagine if we go on jumping to various datasets whichwe and our state produces CROSSI gof. Those datasets can indeed addressvarious problems around the world and we're coming to the purpose oftechnology. It's not something the purpose on its own. If effects aredriven by our choices and action, it can either do good or harm or both. Inthe same time, once striving manufacturing societies are nowreplaced by digital giants and for technology to change lives for thebetter it needs a gender wich considers and diminishes those negative effectsof its deployment. It goes both for application of artificial intelligencedata science or any other tece option uws towards our Gol. Open date is justanother part of death, creating more opportunities for tack to do good. So, let's open our further discussionby explaining the actual meaning of the term open data. What are the criteriafor labeling? The data open, open nata needs to be machine, reitable, ofcourse, to be considered this open data free to use for any purpose, and thisis a basic definition, but in order to really address the issues our society'space in today, first and for mots, the data needs to be accurate and then itneeds to be up to date as much as real time as possible. But that reallydepends on the type of Dataset. It also needs to contain methadata for user toknow what Datasat is, what does it...

...contain and when it's going to beupdated, etc? Like description of the datasets and beyond this basicdefinition? What are the other things which are important here? We can applythe rule garbage in garbage out, for example, if the employee of thepharmaceutical company uses corrupted atisets, imagine how much life can beendagered by the product that rhemesotical company puts in the market.So if you make our decisions based on Brong data, then nor decision would bewrong as well with harmless or damaging consequences. Each one of us has beenin situation where you had the wrong information or all the information orBot. How do your life decisions turn out if you would make them based onthat information? So it all comes down to the source ofinformation. For example, if we take data environment and Earth observation,some of the Nice sources in Europe are coper nicus. It's called Europe's eyeson Earth, then European Space Agency data and, finally, Europe, an dataportal which contains data from most of the European countries sirbeinclude. Once such data is collected andanalyzed, how is it used in addressing, let's say, environmental problems atglobal and European level once the number and diversity ofdatasets around the globe started to grow? Fast number of use cases wentsiglificantly up from simple analysis and visualizations to complex studies,which include not only open data but also big data and other availablesources, but I must say that not all of them areequally successful in adoption. Bein Tistakeal, the community. Just thinkabout the reasons why some of the innovations get accepted faster thanthe others, even though they are equally beneficial and important. It'snot only the question of technology. We...

...can go back in history and look at theexamples of anesthesia and methods to destroy germs during the surgery in theeighty fourt is the first test of Anestysia were on patients, and themethod was quickly accepted among the medical stuff. On the other hand, wecan say the same for this infection of instrument and terilization Al sponges.Sep's infection was a great killer of surgical patience, and you would thinkthat if somebody found a way to use chemicals to kill the JERNS, it wouldbe immediately accepted, but no and youare wondering what were thereasons both methods were equally demanding in implementation. So it'snot that the thing is the first pate attacks, the visible and immediateproblem, which is the pain of the patient at the second, is seeminglyinvisible genes. So, if we take hthis example to tech innovations, it'susually the same. Those who attack big problems, usually invisible to people,can have longer path to the success. With open data, the simple and cleansolutions are most successful: for example, various air polition APPS,showing citizens the level of air pollition in the neighborhood, and Iwould also mention Shoult, heal United Kingdom start up, which caims to informand reduce the risk of flooding in UK and Ricvater, a German APP which sharesinformation regarding tapwiter in Germany, because the quality can differdepending on the region. Nink waser consolidate all the municipal data onwoter quality and makes it understandable for the consumer, sothose kind of APPs usually have biggest success, wit in the community.

When I was younger, used to be a flightattendant or what the funny used to be when day You'are in New Zealanddiscovering the real hobbit, village and breathing fresh air with your fulllungs and the next day you will lows when Youe reflight, Ed Tad and theworlds, your oyster speaking te fresh air. I remember my first visit tobeishing. I was so excited to see the Great Wall of China. Unfortunately,that wasn't the first experience I faced. There was as well the redwarning pollution freating. The ear felt like prettyheavy smoke, and I haven't seen many people on the street, not even tomention the very limited view from the Greatwal of China kind of disappointed. I startedwandering how much polution is necessary for us to say it's enough. Icannot read money. How much open data can actuallycontribute to Serbia is the puzzle with many unknowns, however, having in mindfast growth of our IP sector, future possibilities for artificialintelligence endeavors, since we have adopted the artificial INTOIdevelopment strategy in the end of last year and actuall plan this month, andalso we have to consider the fact that we are having a recent sed backs in thelevel of democracy. According to the Freedom House report, I would say thatopen data can be really important ingredient for experts, cookingsolutions in these areas. Obviously open data brings peopletogether. Ore To be more precise,...

...encourages various takeholders tocoperate and work together. So what are some government lad projects andinitiatives in the area of environment which are utilizing open data being theproject open, Datto, open opportunities run by the Office for Itane governmentand Yundepe jointly and supported by the UK good governors fun in the WorldBank? We have casted up wide network, both in terms of activities and interms of stakeholders which have included our desire was to go from zeroto hero. I can say that we still not a hero, but we are on that bat. When itcomes to environment, I would single out our work. We diserving agency forenvironmental protection. We have supported this institution to publishopen datasets on pollen, consiteration, air quality, quality of water andpollutents of plant and water. The first two are real time Dataset andhave had immediate reuse, for example, aircare APP and two APPS, which areusing pouln data, which is very important for people with Haland Elergy,and one of those APPs is actually mee by the agency, which releases thosedatasets ther, be an idency for evomental protection. The other two dapasets are mostlyhistorical datasets and, of course, it goes without saying that in this sector,as much as real time, data is possible is the ideal scenario you want to knowevery day if the air is polluted, it's not like the sense of data, for example,and this becomes especially obvious there ing the time of crisis. We allremember the Flod in two thousand and fourteen immediate response takes notonly the muscle, so we need data for flood alerts and prediction of thelandslihts. We start to this part with talkingabout the government level, but let's go down to the community level. Let'stalk about citizens initiatives. How...

...can local citizens initiatives embraceopen data and thus contribute to public good? When it comes to the initiatives comingfrom the citizens, I would single out to initiatives which are dear to myheart. One is the platform forested climate, Onserbian, Chumi, Clima andthe other is citizens measurement tower quality, which you orge mentioned atthe beginning of this podcast. The first PAN is of web application, whichprovides information and a seitability of authoritation by three species forany locasion. In Serbia, it's developed by a optimist- young team, coming fromacademia background at the second, the project, visible data, Fer, visible air,which was run by the Beldardopen School Intern Society of Serbia, and all thesetalks has a goal to engage citizens in this important issue, air quality andto show them the power of data. Finally, once the number of measuring stationswhich are really easy to make and connect to the platform, goes up, peoplbe able to add additional layer to state publishe data which can show airquality on microoccasions not covered by the officially measuring stations.So I would also use the opportunity to invite you all to make your own measuring station. How would you light up our listenerswith some key take from this episode, their numerous ways for each and one ofus to find person again in this story, from setting up the measuring stationfor a quality on our balcony and sharing dat among the community, whichI have already mentioned to finding our future business model and mink livingout of it? I was finished with an example of onebrilliant data scientist from the Novy side: She's a beginner self trainedintuisiist was a teacher of mathematics,...

...but nowburgs is data. Analyst. Her nameis Kateta. On one occasion she told me a story how she started: compiling databy Servisher and herself when teachers traveling miles to their duty stations,while the schools in their hometowns had a fund of classes or opin positionswhich they could feel in. She was personally motivated. She was in theposition for some time. It was a small skilled research tbut. She wanted toshow that the state could spare funds which they are providing for thoseteachers with proper analysis in the timization of resources. Bhut. What tosay with this story is that each one of us has something in ourselves waitingand burning and can be translated into the daty story, and I believe thatsomething worth exploring using futures is goltry. DOPA schools,audio podcast members of Te Vashalani Network Sanya, Arizanoich, yelling,Shappitch Gardon, a boinage and myself Orgam pantage took part in making thisepisode. Alexarachich and Markomitrvich supported us by designing the sound andAudia effects. If this is the place for you, we 'llget all the right data at the right time. Please do not forget to clicksubscribe at Apple podcast or any other application you use for listening topodcast formore updates, follow us on instagram and twitter.

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